Lezion nœmer vun

Texts - Tests

freid [frɛt] - cold

cold [kolt] - warm, hot

fosc [fosk] - dark

ciar [a:r] - bright

fess [fes] - very

 

Fa freid, fa miga cold.

[fa 'frɛt - fa 'mi:a 'kolt]

It’s cold, it’s not warm.

 

Fa cold, fa miga freid.

[fa 'kolt - fa 'mi:a 'frɛt]

It’s warm, it’s not cold.

 

Al piœv [el 'pjøf] - It’s raining (it rains).

Al piœv miga [el pjøf 'mi:a] - It’s not raining (it doesn’t rain).

Fa freid fess [fa 'frɛt 'fes] (in quick speech ['fa 'frɛ 'f:es]) - It’s very cold.

Fa cold fess [fa 'kol(t) 'fes] - It’s very warm.

G’è fosc [gɛ 'fosk] - It’s dark.

G’è ciar [gɛ 'a:r] - It’s bright.

 

Words and Phrases

Come va-la? [kume '(v)a:la] - How are you doing?

Tœt ben! [tøt 'be] (in quick speech [tø 'b:e]) - Everything’s fine!

Grazie. ['grasje] - Thank you.

lu - lee [ly] - [le(:)] - he - she (you, polite form)

ma [ma] - but

per furtuna ['pɛr fyr'tyna] - luckily

 

Conversation

Come va-la, siora Maria?

Tœt ben, grazie. E lee?

Fa freid...

Fa freid fess! Ma al piœv miga.

Al piœv miga, per furtuna.

 

How are you doing, Mrs. Mary? 

Everything’s fine, thank you. And you?

It’s cold...

It’s very cold! But it’s not raining.

It’s not raining, luckily.

 

Grammar - Gramatega

Negative form: verb + miga

Fa freid - It’s cold          

Fa miga freid - It’s not cold

“Miga” is pronounced ['mi:a] in many variants. 

In some variants it’s pronounced ['miga] or ['miŋga], the latter also written “minga”.

 

“Very” + adjective: adjective + fess

Fa cold - It’s warm

Fa cold fess - It’s very warm